2: Why was the Temple destroyed in 70 CE, rather than in 63 BCE or 165 BCE?

  • Berlin, Andrea M. and J. Andrew Overman, eds. 2002. The First Jewish Revolt: Archaeology, History, and Ideology. London/New York: Routledge.
  • Chester, Andrew. 1991. “The Sibyl and the Temple.” In Templum Amicitiae: Essays on the Second Temple Presented to Ernst Bammel 37-69. Ed. W. Horbury. Journal for the Study of the New Testament: Supplement Series 48. Sheffield: Sheffield University Press.
  • Goldhill, Simon. 2005. The Temple of Jerusalem. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Goodman, Martin. 1987. The Ruling Class of Judaea: The Origins of the Jewish Revolt Against Rome, A.D. 66-70. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Goodman, Martin. 2007. Rome and Jerusalem: The Clash of Ancient Civilizations. London/New York: Penguin/Allen Lane.
  • Grabbe, Lester L. 2004. A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period. Library of Second Temple studies 47. London/New York: T. & T. Clark International.
  • Harrington, Daniel J. 1988. The Maccabean Revolt: Anatomy of a Biblical Revolution. Wilmington: Michael Glazier.
  • Levine, Lee I. 2002. Jerusalem: Portrait of the City in the Second Temple Period (538 BCE-70 CE). Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society, published in cooperation with the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.
  • Mason, Steve. 2014. “Why Did Judaeans Go to War with Rome in 66-67 CE? Realist-Regional Perspectives.” In Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries: How to Write Their History, 126-206. Ed. P. J. Tomson and J. Schwartz. CRINT 13. Leiden/Boston: Brill.
  • Schürer, Emil. 1973-86. A History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ. Ed. G. Vermes et al.  3 vols in 4. Rev. edn. Edinburgh: T&T Clark.
  • Schwartz, Seth. 2001. Imperialism and Jewish Society, 200 B.C.E. to 640 C.E. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 
  • Spilsbury, Paul. 2002. “Josephus on the Burning of the Temple, the Flavian Triumph, and the Providence of God.” Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers 41: 306-27.
REV. 04/2017