2. Christology: Did Paul believe in the pre-existence and incarnation of Christ?

Bibliographical Suggestions

Bird, Michael F. and Joel Willitts. 2011, eds. Paul and the Gospels: Christologies, conflicts and convergences. Library of New Testament studies 411. London/New York: T & T Clark.

Cummins, Stephen Anthony. 2001. Paul and the crucified Christ in Antioch: Maccabean martyrdom and Galatians 1 and 2. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.

Dunn, James D. G. 1996. Christology in the making. 2nd edn. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans

Fatehi, Mehrdad. 2000. The Spirit’s Relation to the Risen Lord in Paul: An Examination of its Christological Implications. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

Fee, Gordon D. 2007. Pauline Christology: an exegetical-theological study. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson. 

Hewitt, J. Thomas. 2020. Messiah and Scripture: Paul’s “In Christ” idiom in its ancient Jewish context. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

Hill, Wesley. 2015. Paul and the Trinity: Persons, Relations, and the Pauline Letters. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Hurtado, L. W. 2003. “Paul’s Christology.” In The Cambridge Companion to St Paul, 185-98. Ed. J. D. G. Dunn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Morgan, Teresa. 2020. Being ‘in Christ’ in the letters of Paul : saved through Christ and in his hands. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

Novenson, Matthew V. 2012. Christ Among the Messiahs: Christ Language in Paul and Messiah Language in Ancient Judaism. New York: Oxford University Press.

Schweitzer, Albert. 1953. The Mysticism of Paul the Apostle. London: Adam and Charles Black.

Tilling, Chris. 2012. Paul’s Divine Christology. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

Wikenhauser, Alfred. 1960. Pauline Mysticism: Christ in the Mystical teaching of St. Paul. New York: Herder and Herder.

rev 10/2022