Consider the value of the Didache as a tool for reconstructing the beliefs and practices of the early church.


  • e.g. Milavec, Niederwimmer, Wengst, Wilhite & Jefford.

Suggested Bibliography

  • Bell, Brigidda. 2018. “Discerning the False Prophets. An Embodied Approach to Prophetic Testing in Matthew and the Didache.” In The Gospels and Their Stories in Anthropological Perspective, 69-86. Ed. J. S. Kloppenborg and J. Verheyden. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
  • Del Verme, Marcello. 2004. Didache and Judaism: Jewish Roots of an Ancient Christian-Jewish Work. London/New York: T & T Clark International.
  • Draper, Jonathan A. 2006. “The Apostolic Fathers: The Didache.” Expository Times 117: 177-81.
  • Draper, Jonathan A. 2011. “Eschatology in the Didache.” In Eschatology of the New Testament and Some Related Documents, 567-82. Ed. J. G. van der Watt. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
  • Draper, Jonathan A. and Clayton N. Jefford, eds. 2015. The Didache: A Missing Piece of the Puzzle in Early Christianity. Atlanta: SBL Press.
  • Garrow, Alan J. P. 2004. The Gospel of Matthew’s Dependence on the Didache. Journal for the Study of the New Testament: Supplement Series 254. London/New York: T & T Clark. 
  • Jonge, Henk Jan de. 2013. “The Community Supper According to Paul and the Didache: Their Affinity and Historical Development.” In Paul, John, and Apocalyptic Eschatology, 30-47. Ed. J. Krans et al. Leiden etc.: Brill.
  • Koch, Dietrich-Alex. 2017. “Eucharistievollzug und Eucharistieverständnis in der Didache.” In The Eucharist – Its Origins and Contexts: Sacred Meal, Communal Meal, Table Fellowship in Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity, 2:845-81. Ed. D. Hellholm and D. Sänger. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
  • Kvalbein, Hans. 2014. “The Lord’s Prayer and the Eucharist prayers in the Didache.” In Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation, 233-66. Ed. R. Hvalvik & K.-O. Sandnes. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
  • LaVerdiere, Eugene. 1996. The Eucharist in the New Testament and the Early Church. Collegeville: Liturgical Press.
  • O’Loughlin, Thomas. 2010. The Didache: A Window on the Earliest Christians. London/Grand Rapids: SPCK/Baker Academic.
  • Pardee, Nancy. 2012. The Genre and Development of the Didache: a text-linguistic analysis. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
  • Rothschild, Clare K. 2017. “Travelers and Christ-Mongers in Didache 12:1-5.” In New Essays on the Apostolic Fathers, 175-89. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
  • Schwiebert, Jonathan. 2008. Knowledge and the Coming Kingdom: The Didache’s Meal Ritual and Its Place in Early Christianity. London: T&T Clark.
  • Slee, Michelle. 2003. The Church in Antioch in the First Century CE: Communion and Conflict.. New York/London: Sheffield Academic Press.
  • Tomson, Peter J. 2014. “The Didache, Matthew, and Barnabas as Sources for Early Second-Century Jewish and Christian History.” In Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries, 348-82. Ed. Y. Shvarts. Leiden etc.: Brill.
  • van de Sandt, Huub and David Flusser. 2002. The Didache: Its Jewish Sources and its Place in Early Judaism and Christianity. Assen/Minneapolis: Royal Van Gorcum/Fortress Press.
  • van de Sandt, Huub, ed. 2005. Matthew and the Didache. Assen/Minneapolis: Royal Van Gorcum/Fortress.
  • van de Sandt, Huub. 2013. “Essentials of Ethics in Matthew and the Didache: A Comparison at a Conceptual and Practical level.” In Early Christian Ethics in Interaction with Jewish and Greco-Roman contexts, 243-61. Ed. J. W. van Henten & J. Verheyden. Leiden etc.: Brill.
  • Varner, William. 2013. “The Didache as a Christian Enchiridion.” In Early Christianity in its Hellenistic Context, 1:651-61. Ed. A. W. Pitts and S. E. Porter. Leiden: Brill.
  • Varner, William. 2016. “How did the “Teaching” Teach? The Didache as Catechesis.” In Ancient Education and Early Christianity, 179-202. Ed. M. R. Hauge & A. W. Pitts. London etc.: Bloomsbury International/T&T Clark.
  • Wehnert, Jürgen. 2016. “Ein Gebet für alle christlichen Gemeinden : Zum Vaterunser in der Didache.” In Das Vaterunser in seinen antiken Kontexten, 143-62. Ed. F. Wilk. Göttingen etc.: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  • Wilhite, Shawn J. 2019. “Thirty-Five Years Later: A Summary of Didache Scholarship Since 1983.” Currents in Biblical Research 17: 266-305.
  • Zetterholm, Magnus. 2003. The Formation of Christianity in Antioch: A Social-Scientific Approach to the Separation Between Judaism and Christianity. London: Routledge.