The Apostolic Fathers

1. “The term ‘Apostolic Fathers’ is a misleading modern affectation.” Discuss.

2. Ignatius of Antioch: EITHER

a. Why was Ignatius so keen to become a martyr?


   b. What, if anything, can we learn from Ignatius’ letters about late first-century Antioch?

3. Is the Shepherd of Hermas correctly understood as Christian apocalyptic literature?

4. Evaluate the arguments used by 1 Clement to restore unity to the Corinthian church.

5. Consider the value of the Didache as a tool for reconstructing the beliefs and practices of the early church.

6. ‘The grotesquely allegorizing Epistle of Barnabas reflects the second-century Egyptian context of an acutely anti-Jewish “replacement theology”.’ Discuss.

7. Does the Epistle to Diognetus affirm or evade a definition of Christian public identity?


a. Do the writings of the Apostolic Fathers witness to a declining understanding of the New Testament gospel?


b. ”The Apostolic Fathers show little awareness of the canonical gospel tradition.’ Discuss.