“My Apostle” or “The Apostle of the heretics” (Tertullian): Which is more accurate for the early readers of Paul?


  • Tertullian, 1972. Adversus Marcionem, ed. E. Evans. Oxford Early Christian Texts; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Aageson, James W. 2008. Paul, the Pastoral Epistles, and the Early Church. Peabody: Hendrickson Press.
  • Babcock, William S., ed. 1990. Paul and the Legacies of Paul, Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press.
  • Bain, Andrew M. 2011. “Tertullian: Paul as Teacher of the Gentile Churches.” In Paul and the Second Century, eds. Michael F. Bird and Joseph R. Dodson. London: T&T Clark.
  • Harrill, J. Albert. 2012. Paul the Apostle: His Life and Legacy in their Roman Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kannengiesser, Charles. 2003. Handbook of Patristic Exegesis: The Bible in Ancient Christianity, Fathers of the Church 1–2. Leiden: Brill.
  • Longenecker, Richard. 1999. Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich: Eerdmans.
  • Mitchell, Margaret M. 2020. ‘How was the Reception of Paul Shaped in the Early Church?’ in The New Cambridge Companion to St Paul, Bruce W. Longenecker, ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p278-98.
  • Pagels, Elaine. 1992. The Gnostic Paul: Gnostic Exegesis of the Pauline Letters. Philadelphia: Trinity Press International.
  • Rankin, David. 1995. Tertullian and the Church. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Welborn, Laurence L. 2002. “‘Take up the Epistle of the Blessed Paul the Apostle’: The Contrasting Fates of Paul’s Letters to Corinth in the Patristic Period.” In Reading Communities, Reading Scripture: Essays in Honour of Daniel Patte, edited by Gary Phillips and Nicole Wilkinson Duran, 345–360. Harrisburg, Pa: Trinity Press International.
  • White, Benjamin L. 2014. Remembering Paul: Ancient and Modern Contests over the Image of the Apostle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.