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What can we learn about the reception of New Testament writings by Christians from the Epistle of Polycarp?

Bellescize, Luc de. 2010. “L’Eucharistie chez Ignace d’Antioche et Polycarpe de Smyrne.” Nouvelle revue théologique 132, no. 2: 197-216. Berding, Kenneth. 1999. “Polycarp of Smyrna’s View of the Authorship of 1 and 2 Timothy.” Vigiliae Christianae 53: 349-60.  Berding, Kenneth. 2002. Polycarp and Paul. An analysis of their literary & theological relationship in light of […]

MPHIL NT A2.7: What is the justification for studying the works of the Apostolic Fathers alongside the New Testament (with specific reference to Ignatius)?

Brent, Allen. 2009. Ignatius of Antioch: A Martyr Bishop and the origin of Episcopacy. London: Bloomsbury. Foster, Paul. 2012. ‘The Text of the New Testament in the Apostolic Fathers’ in Charles E. Hill and Michael J. Kruger, eds. The Early Text of the New Testament. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 282-301. Foster, Paul. 2007. The Writings […]

“The eternal enemy of women”: Is this an accurate understanding of Paul?

Reading: Cotter, Wendy. 1994. “Women’s Authority Roles in Paul’s Churches: Countercultural or Conventional?” Novum Testamentum, 36 (4), 350-72. De Conick, April. 2011. Holy Misogyny: Why the Sex and Gender Conflicts in the Early Church Still Matter. London: Bloomsbury. Ehrensperger, Kathy. 2014. ‘Paul and Feminism’ in The Oxford Handbook of Pauline Studies, Matthew V. Novenson and […]

“My Apostle” or “The Apostle of the heretics” (Tertullian): Which is more accurate for the early readers of Paul?

Reading: Tertullian, 1972. Adversus Marcionem, ed. E. Evans. Oxford Early Christian Texts; Oxford: Clarendon Press. Aageson, James W. 2008. Paul, the Pastoral Epistles, and the Early Church. Peabody: Hendrickson Press. Babcock, William S., ed. 1990. Paul and the Legacies of Paul, Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press. Bain, Andrew M. 2011. “Tertullian: Paul as Teacher of […]

What was Paul’s Gospel?

Bieringer, Reimund. 2018. “Proclaimed message or proclamation of the message? A critical analysis of EUAGGÉLION in the letters of Paul and the Gospel of Mark.” In Receptions of Paul in Early Christianity, eds. J. Schröter, S. Butticaz, A. Dettwiler, C. Paul. Berlin: de Gruyter. Campbell, Douglas. 2005. The Quest for Paul’s Gospel: A suggested strategy. […]

What sort of Jew was Saul of Tarsus, and how did he change?

Some key primary texts: Gal 1.1-20; 2 Cor 3.5-4.6; Phil 3.1-10; Acts 9, 22 and 26. Boyarin, Daniel. 1994. A Radical Jew: Paul and the Politics of Identity. Berkeley: University of California Press. Chester, Stephen J. 2003. Conversion at Corinth: Perspectives on Conversion in Paul’s Theology and the Corinthian Church. Studies of the New Testament […]

Paul’s Literary Biography

Essay: Moving chronologically from what you determine is the earliest letter to the latest, explain which letters were written by Paul (and which were written by someone else). Your decisions about the order and authorships of the letters must be grounded in arguments and the primary texts rather than appeals to scholarly consensus. Recommended Readings:  […]

More New Testament Options?

New Testament Papers in Years 2 and 3 So you’ve enjoyed the first-year Introduction to the New Testament and you’re thinking it could be fun to do a bit more next year?  Great! We’ve put together this guide as a starting point to think about a possible progression through years 2 and 3 of your […]


Associate Professor in New Testament Studies at Oxford G.B. Caird Fellow in Theology at Mansfield College Research Interests Pauline Epistles; Patristic reception of the New Testament; History of Interpretation; Papyrological and epigraphic sources and the New Testament; Sight and sightlessness in the New Testament and ancient world; 1 Peter Recent Publications 2022/in press. “The Trinity […]